[v3,0/6] use IOVAs check based on DMA mask
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Message ID 1530708838-2682-1-git-send-email-alejandro.lucero@netronome.com
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  • use IOVAs check based on DMA mask
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Alejandro Lucero July 4, 2018, 12:53 p.m. UTC
This patchset adds, mainly, a check for ensuring IOVAs are within a
restricted range due to addressing limitations with some devices. There
are two known cases: NFP and IOMMU VT-d emulation.

With this check IOVAs out of range are detected and PMDs can abort
initialization. For the VT-d case, IOVA VA mode is allowed as long as
IOVAs are within the supported range, avoiding to forbid IOVA VA by

For the addressing limitations known cases, there are just 40(NFP) or
39(VT-d) bits for handling IOVAs. When using IOVA PA, those limitations
imply 1TB(NFP) or 512M(VT-d) as upper limits, which is likely enough for
most systems. With machines using more memory, the added check will
ensure IOVAs within the range.

With IOVA VA, and because the way the Linux kernel serves mmap calls
in 64 bits systems, 39 or 40 bits are not enough. It is possible to
give an address hint with a lower starting address than the default one
used by the kernel, and then ensuring the mmap uses that hint or hint plus
some offset. With 64 bits systems, the process virtual address space is
large enoguh for doing the hugepages mmaping within the supported range
when those addressing limitations exist. This patchset also adds a change
for using such a hint making the use of IOVA VA a more than likely
possibility when there are those addressing limitations.

The check is not done by default but just when it is required. This
patchset adds the check for NFP initialization and for setting the IOVA
mode is an emulated VT-d is detected.

This patchset applies on 17.11.3.

Similar changes will be submitted to main DPDK branch soon.

 - add get_addr_hint function
 - call munmap when hint given and not used by mmap
 - create dma mask in one step
 - refactor logs

 - add new API functions to map files