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[dpdk-dev,v3,4/5] doc: new reorder library description

Message ID 1423235164-3808-5-git-send-email-sergio.gonzalez.monroy@intel.com (mailing list archive)
State Superseded, archived
Headers show

Commit Message

Sergio Gonzalez Monroy Feb. 6, 2015, 3:06 p.m. UTC
This patch introduces a new section in the programmers guide describing
the reorder library.

Signed-off-by: Sergio Gonzalez Monroy <sergio.gonzalez.monroy@intel.com>
---
 doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst       |   1 +
 doc/guides/prog_guide/reorder_lib.rst | 115 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 116 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 doc/guides/prog_guide/reorder_lib.rst
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Patch

diff --git a/doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst b/doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst
index 8d86dd4..de69682 100644
--- a/doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@  Programmer's Guide
     lpm_lib
     lpm6_lib
     packet_distrib_lib
+    reorder_lib
     ip_fragment_reassembly_lib
     multi_proc_support
     kernel_nic_interface
diff --git a/doc/guides/prog_guide/reorder_lib.rst b/doc/guides/prog_guide/reorder_lib.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bbd0521
--- /dev/null
+++ b/doc/guides/prog_guide/reorder_lib.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,115 @@ 
+..  BSD LICENSE
+    Copyright(c) 2015 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
+    All rights reserved.
+
+    Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+    modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
+    are met:
+
+    * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+    * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
+    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
+    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+    distribution.
+    * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its
+    contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
+    from this software without specific prior written permission.
+
+    THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+    "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+    LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+    A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+    OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+    SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+    LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+    DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+    THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+    (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+    OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+
+.. _Reorder_Library:
+
+Reorder Library
+=================
+
+The Reorder Library provides a mechanism for reordering mbufs based on their
+sequence number.
+
+Operation
+----------
+
+The reorder library is essentially a buffer that reorders mbufs.
+The user inserts out of order mbufs into the reorder buffer and pulls in-order
+mbufs from it.
+
+At a given time, the reorder buffer contains mbufs whose sequence number are
+inside the sequence window. The sequence window is determined by the minimum
+sequence number and the number of entries that the buffer was configured to hold.
+For example, given a reorder buffer with 200 entries and a minimum sequence
+number of 350, the sequence window has low and high limits of 350 and 550
+respectively.
+
+When inserting mbufs, the reorder library differentiates between valid, early
+and late mbufs depending on the sequence number of the inserted mbuf:
+
+* valid: the sequence number is inside the window.
+* late: the sequence number is outside the window and less than the low limit.
+* early: the sequence number is outside the window and greater than the high
+  limit.
+
+The reorder buffer directly returns late mbufs and tries to accommodate early
+mbufs.
+
+
+Implementation Details
+-------------------------
+
+The reorder library is implemented as a pair of buffers, which referred to as
+the *Order* buffer and the *Ready* buffer.
+
+On an insert call, valid mbufs are inserted directly into the Order buffer and
+late mbufs are returned to the user with an error.
+
+In the case of early mbufs, the reorder buffer will try to move the window
+(incrementing the minimum sequence number) so that the mbuf becomes a valid one.
+To that end, mbufs in the Order buffer are moved into the Ready buffer.
+Any mbufs that have not arrived yet are ignored and therefore will become
+late mbufs.
+This means that as long as there is room in the Ready buffer, the window will
+be moved to accommodate early mbufs that would otherwise be outside the
+reordering window.
+
+For example, assuming that we have a buffer of 200 entries with a 350 minimum
+sequence number, and we need to insert an early mbuf with 565 sequence number.
+That means that we would need to move the windows at least 15 positions to
+accommodate the mbuf.
+The reorder buffer would try to move mbufs from at least the next 15 slots in
+the Order buffer to the Ready buffer, as long as there is room in the Ready buffer.
+Any gaps in the Order buffer at that point are skipped, and those packet will
+be reported as late packets when they arrive. The process of moving packets
+to the Ready buffer continues beyond the minimum required until a gap,
+i.e. missing mbuf, in the Order buffer is encountered.
+
+When draining mbufs, the reorder buffer would return  mbufs in the Ready
+buffer first and then from the Order buffer until a gap is found (mbufs that
+have not arrived yet).
+
+Use Case: Packet Distributor
+-------------------------------
+
+An application using the DPDK packet distributor could make use of the reorder
+library to transmit packets in the same order they were received.
+
+A basic packet distributor use case would consist of a distributor with
+multiple workers cores.
+The processing of packets by the workers is not guaranteed to be in order,
+hence a reorder buffer can be used to order as many packets as possible.
+
+In such a scenario, the distributor assigns a sequence number to mbufs before
+delivering them to the workers.
+As the workers finish processing the packets, the distributor inserts those
+mbufs into the reorder buffer and finally transmit drained mbufs.
+
+NOTE: Currently the reorder buffer is not thread safe so the same thread is
+responsible for inserting and draining mbufs.