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[RFC,0/3] AF_XDP Preferred Busy Polling

Message ID 20210218092307.29575-1-ciara.loftus@intel.com (mailing list archive)
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Series AF_XDP Preferred Busy Polling | expand


Ciara Loftus Feb. 18, 2021, 9:23 a.m. UTC
Single-core performance of AF_XDP at high loads can be poor because
a heavily loaded NAPI context will never enter or allow for busy-polling.

1C testpmd rxonly (both IRQs and PMD on core 0):
./dpdk-testpmd -l 0-1 --vdev=net_af_xdp0,iface=eth0 -- --forward-mode=rxonly

In order to achieve decent performance at high loads, it is currently
recommended ensure the IRQs for the netdev and the core running the PMD are

2C testpmd rxonly (IRQs on core 0, PMD on core 1):
./dpdk-testpmd -l 0-1 --vdev=net_af_xdp0,iface=eth0 --main-lcore=0 -- \

However using an extra core is of course not ideal. The SO_PREFER_BUSY_POLL
socket option was introduced in kernel v5.11 to help improve 1C performance.
See [1].

This series sets this socket option on xsks created with DPDK (ie. instances of
the AF_XDP PMD) unless explicitly disabled or not supported by the kernel. It
was chosen to be enabled by default in order to bring the AF_XDP PMD in line
with most other PMDs which execute on a single core.

The following system and netdev settings are recommended in conjunction with
busy polling:
echo 2 | sudo tee /sys/class/net/eth0/napi_defer_hard_irqs
echo 200000 | sudo tee /sys/class/net/eth0/gro_flush_timeout

With the RFC these must be manually configured, but for the v1 these may be
set from the PMD since the performance is tightly coupled with these settings.

Re-running the 1C test with busy polling support and the above settings:
./dpdk-testpmd -l 0-1 --vdev=net_af_xdp0,iface=eth0 -- --forward-mode=rxonly

A new vdev arg is introduced called 'busy_budget' whose default value is 64.
busy_budget is the value supplied to the kernel with the SO_BUSY_POLL_BUDGET
socket option and represents the busy-polling NAPI budget ie. the number of
packets the kernel will attempt to process in the netdev's NAPI context. If set
to 0, preferred busy polling is disabled.

To set the busy budget to 256:
./dpdk-testpmd --vdev=net_af_xdp0,iface=eth0,busy_budget=256

To set the busy budget to 512:
./dpdk-testpmd --vdev=net_af_xdp0,iface=eth0,busy_budget=512

To disable preferred busy polling:
./dpdk-testpmd --vdev=net_af_xdp0,iface=eth0,busy_budget=0

[1] https://lwn.net/Articles/837010/

Ciara Loftus (3):
  net/af_xdp: Increase max batch size to 512
  net/af_xdp: Use recvfrom() instead of poll()
  net/af_xdp: preferred busy polling

 doc/guides/nics/af_xdp.rst          | 38 +++++++++++-
 drivers/net/af_xdp/compat.h         | 13 ++++
 drivers/net/af_xdp/rte_eth_af_xdp.c | 95 ++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 3 files changed, 124 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)