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[00/12] vhost: add postcopy live-migration support

Message ID 20180926072705.22641-1-maxime.coquelin@redhat.com (mailing list archive)
Headers show
Series vhost: add postcopy live-migration support | expand

Message

Maxime Coquelin Sept. 26, 2018, 7:26 a.m. UTC
This first non-RFC version disables the postcopy feature by
default and introduces a new flag passed at registration
time to enable it. Vhost PMD adds a new postcopy-support
option to enable this flag. Also, the instabilities are now
fixed, they were caused by the wrong memory region VA being
returned to the master.

With classic live-migration, the VM runs on source while its
content is being migrated to destination. When pages already
migrated to destination are dirtied by the source, they get
copied until both source and destination memory converge.
At that time, the source is stopped and destination is
started.

With postcopy live-migration, the VM is started on destination
before all the memory has been migrated. When the VM tries to
access a page that haven't been migrated yet, a pagefault is
triggered, handled by userfaultfd which pauses the thread.
A Qemu thread in charge of postcopy request the source for
the missing page. Once received and mapped, the paused thread
gets resumed.

Userfaultfd supports handling faults from a different process,
and Qemu supports postcopy with vhost-user backends since
v2.12.

One problem encountered with classic live-migration for VMs
relying on vhost-user backends is that when the traffic is
high (e.g. PVP), it happens that it never converges as
pages gets dirtied at a faster rate than they are copied
to the destination.
It is expected this problem sould be solved with using
postcopy, as rings memory and buffers will be copied once,
when destination will pagefault on them.

Note that it will certainly require a rebase to apply on top
of Nikolay's vhost-user message handling rework.

Steps to test postcopy:
1. Run DPDK's Testpmd application on source:
./install/bin/testpmd -m 512 --file-prefix=src -l 0,2 -n 4 \
  --vdev 'net_vhost0,iface=/tmp/vu-src' -- --portmask=1 -i \
  --rxq=1 --txq=1 --nb-cores=1 --eth-peer=0,52:54:00:11:22:12 \
  --no-mlockall

2. Run DPDK's Testpmd application on destination:
./install/bin/testpmd -m 512 --file-prefix=dst -l 0,2 -n 4 \
  --vdev 'net_vhost0,iface=/tmp/vu-dst,postcopy-support=1' -- --portmask=1 -i \
  --rxq=1 --txq=1 --nb-cores=1 --eth-peer=0,52:54:00:11:22:12 \
  --no-mlockall

3. Launch VM on source:
./x86_64-softmmu/qemu-system-x86_64 -enable-kvm -m 3G -smp 2 -cpu host \
  -object memory-backend-file,id=mem,size=3G,mem-path=/dev/shm,share=on \
  -numa node,memdev=mem -mem-prealloc \
  -chardev socket,id=char0,path=/tmp/vu-src \
  -netdev type=vhost-user,id=mynet1,chardev=char0,vhostforce \
  -device virtio-net-pci,netdev=mynet1 /home/virt/rhel7.6-1-clone.qcow2 \
  -net none -vnc :0 -monitor stdio

4. Launch VM on destination:
./x86_64-softmmu/qemu-system-x86_64 -enable-kvm -m 3G -smp 2 -cpu host \
  -object memory-backend-file,id=mem,size=3G,mem-path=/dev/shm,share=on \
  -numa node,memdev=mem -mem-prealloc \
  -chardev socket,id=char0,path=/tmp/vu-dst \
  -netdev type=vhost-user,id=mynet1,chardev=char0,vhostforce \
  -device virtio-net-pci,netdev=mynet1 /home/virt/rhel7.6-1-clone.qcow2 \
  -net none -vnc :1 -monitor stdio -incoming tcp::8888

5. In both testpmd prompts, start flooding the virtio-net device:
testpmd> set fwd txonly
testpmd> start

6. In destination's Qemu monitor, enable postcopy:
(qemu) migrate_set_capability postcopy-ram on

7. In source's Qemu monitor, enable postcopy and launch migration:
(qemu) migrate_set_capability postcopy-ram on
(qemu) migrate -d tcp:0:8888
(qemu) migrate_start_postcopy

Maxime Coquelin (12):
  vhost: define postcopy protocol flag
  vhost: add number of fds to vhost-user messages and use it
  vhost: enable fds passing when sending vhost-user messages
  vhost: introduce postcopy's advise message
  vhost: add support for postcopy's listen message
  vhost: register new regions with userfaultfd
  vhost: avoid useless VhostUserMemory copy
  vhost: send userfault range addresses back to qemu
  vhost: add support to postcopy's end request
  vhost: enable postcopy protocol feature
  vhost: add flag to enable postcopy live-migration
  net/vhost: add parameter to enable postcopy migration support

 doc/guides/nics/vhost.rst           |   5 +
 doc/guides/prog_guide/vhost_lib.rst |   8 ++
 drivers/net/vhost/rte_eth_vhost.c   |  13 ++
 lib/librte_vhost/rte_vhost.h        |   5 +
 lib/librte_vhost/socket.c           |  32 ++++-
 lib/librte_vhost/vhost.h            |   3 +
 lib/librte_vhost/vhost_user.c       | 205 ++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 lib/librte_vhost/vhost_user.h       |  12 +-
 8 files changed, 246 insertions(+), 37 deletions(-)