[v3,2/4] if_proxy: add library documentation
diff mbox series

Message ID 20200504085315.7296-3-aostruszka@marvell.com
State Superseded
Delegated to: Thomas Monjalon
Headers show
Series
  • Introduce IF proxy library
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Context Check Description
ci/Intel-compilation fail Compilation issues
ci/checkpatch success coding style OK

Commit Message

Andrzej Ostruszka [C] May 4, 2020, 8:53 a.m. UTC
This commit adds documentation of IF Proxy library.

Signed-off-by: Andrzej Ostruszka <aostruszka@marvell.com>
---
 MAINTAINERS                            |   1 +
 doc/guides/prog_guide/if_proxy_lib.rst | 142 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst        |   1 +
 3 files changed, 144 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 doc/guides/prog_guide/if_proxy_lib.rst

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 1013745ce..1216366ab 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -1475,6 +1475,7 @@  F: doc/guides/prog_guide/bpf_lib.rst
 IF Proxy - EXPERIMENTAL
 M: Andrzej Ostruszka <aostruszka@marvell.com>
 F: lib/librte_if_proxy/
+F: doc/guides/prog_guide/if_proxy_lib.rst
 
 Test Applications
 -----------------
diff --git a/doc/guides/prog_guide/if_proxy_lib.rst b/doc/guides/prog_guide/if_proxy_lib.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..4ec7e65a5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/doc/guides/prog_guide/if_proxy_lib.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,142 @@ 
+..  SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
+    Copyright(C) 2020 Marvell International Ltd.
+
+.. _IF_Proxy_Library:
+
+IF Proxy Library
+================
+
+When a network interface is assigned to DPDK it usually disappears from
+the system and user looses ability to configure it via typical
+configuration tools.
+There are basically two options to deal with this situation:
+
+- configure it via command line arguments and/or load configuration
+  from some file,
+- add support for live configuration via some IPC mechanism.
+
+The first option is static and the second one requires some work to add
+communication loop (e.g. separate thread listening/communicating on
+a socket).
+
+This library adds a possibility to configure DPDK ports by using normal
+configuration utilities (e.g. from iproute2 suite).
+It requires user to configure additional DPDK ports that are visible to
+the system (such as Tap or KNI - actually any port that has valid
+`if_index` in ``struct rte_eth_dev_info`` will do) and designate them as
+a port representor (a proxy) in the system.
+
+Let's see typical intended usage by an example.
+Suppose that you have application that handles traffic on two ports (in
+the white list below)::
+
+    ./app -w 00:14.0 -w 00:16.0 --vdev=net_tap0 --vdev=net_tap1
+
+So in addition to the "regular" ports you need to configure proxy ports.
+These proxy ports can be created via a command line (like above) or from
+within the application (e.g. by using `rte_ifpx_proxy_create()`
+function).
+
+When you have proxy ports you need to bind them to the "regular" ports::
+
+    rte_ifpx_port_bind(port0, proxy0);
+    rte_ifpx_port_bind(port1, proxy1);
+
+This binding is a logical one - there is no automatic packet forwarding
+configured.
+This is because library cannot tell upfront what portion of the traffic
+received on ports 0/1 should be redirected to the system via proxies and
+also it does not know how the application is structured (what packet
+processing engines it uses).
+Therefore it is application writer responsibility to include proxy ports
+into its packet processing and forward appropriate packets between
+proxies and ports.
+What the library actually does is that it gets network configuration
+from the system and listens to its changes.
+This information is then matched against `if_index` of the configured
+proxies and passed to the application.
+
+There are two mechanisms via which library passes notifications to the
+application.
+First is the set of global callbacks that user has
+to register via::
+
+    rte_ifpx_callbacks_register(len, cbs);
+
+Here `cbs` is an array of ``struct rte_ifpx_callback`` which is a tagged
+union with following members::
+
+    int (*mac_change)(const struct rte_ifpx_mac_change *event);
+    int (*mtu_change)(const struct rte_ifpx_mtu_change *event);
+    int (*link_change)(const struct rte_ifpx_link_change *event);
+    int (*addr_add)(const struct rte_ifpx_addr_change *event);
+    int (*addr_del)(const struct rte_ifpx_addr_change *event);
+    int (*addr6_add)(const struct rte_ifpx_addr6_change *event);
+    int (*addr6_del)(const struct rte_ifpx_addr6_change *event);
+    int (*route_add)(const struct rte_ifpx_route_change *event);
+    int (*route_del)(const struct rte_ifpx_route_change *event);
+    int (*route6_add)(const struct rte_ifpx_route6_change *event);
+    int (*route6_del)(const struct rte_ifpx_route6_change *event);
+    int (*neigh_add)(const struct rte_ifpx_neigh_change *event);
+    int (*neigh_del)(const struct rte_ifpx_neigh_change *event);
+    int (*neigh6_add)(const struct rte_ifpx_neigh6_change *event);
+    int (*neigh6_del)(const struct rte_ifpx_neigh6_change *event);
+    int (*cfg_done)(void);
+
+All of them should be self explanatory apart from the last one which is
+library specific callback - called when initial network configuration
+query is finished.
+
+So for example when the user issues command::
+
+    ip link set dev dtap0 mtu 1600
+
+then library will call `mtu_change()` callback with MTU change event
+having port_id equal to `port0` (id of the port bound to this proxy) and
+`mtu` equal to 1600 (``dtap0`` is the default interface name for
+``net_tap0``).
+Application can simply use `rte_eth_dev_set_mtu()` in this callback.
+The same way `rte_eth_dev_default_mac_addr_set()` can be used in
+`mac_change()` and `rte_eth_dev_set_link_up/down()` inside the
+`link_change()` callback that does dispatch based on `is_up` member of
+its `event` argument.
+
+Please note however that the context in which these callbacks are called
+is most probably different from the one in which packets are handled and
+it is application writer responsibility to use proper synchronization
+mechanisms - if they are needed.
+
+Second notification mechanism relies on queueing of event notifications
+to the configured notification rings.
+Application can add queue via::
+
+    int rte_ifpx_queue_add(struct rte_ring *r);
+
+This type of notification is used when there is no callback registered
+for given type of event or when it is registered but it returns 0.
+This way application has following choices:
+
+- if the data structure that needs to be updated due to notification
+  is safe to be modified by a single writer (while being used by other
+  readers) then it can simply do that inside the callback and return
+  non-zero value to signal end of the event handling
+
+- otherwise, when there are some common preparation steps that needs
+  to be done only once, application can register callback that will
+  perform these steps and return 0 - library will then add an event to
+  each registered notification queue
+
+- if the data structures are replicated and there are no common steps
+  then application can simply skip registering of the callbacks and
+  configure notification queues (e.g. 1 per each lcore)
+
+Once we have bindings in place and notification configured, the only
+essential part that remains is to get the current network configuration
+and start listening to its changes.
+This is accomplished via a call to::
+
+    int rte_ifpx_listen(void);
+
+From that moment you should see notifications coming to your
+application: first ones resulting from querying of current system
+configurations and subsequent on the configuration changes.
diff --git a/doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst b/doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst
index 1d0cd49cd..349829bcd 100644
--- a/doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/prog_guide/index.rst
@@ -58,6 +58,7 @@  Programmer's Guide
     metrics_lib
     bpf_lib
     ipsec_lib
+    if_proxy_lib
     source_org
     dev_kit_build_system
     dev_kit_root_make_help